We've highlighted the parts of the document which appear in the transcription below.
I’m now sure that ‘Overlord’ is a good idea. On Good Friday I spoke to the British and American generals and told them I was confident it would be a success. I don’t agree with the talk here and in America that casualties will be very heavy. I believe it’ll be the Germans who will suffer.
PRIME MINISTER TO PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT
PRIVATE, PERSONAL AND MOST SECRET 12.4.44
3. I am becoming very hard set upon OVERLORD. On Good Friday I gave a talk to all the Generals, British and American, who were gathered at General Montgomery’s Headquarters, expressing my strong confidence in the result of this extraordinary but magnificent operation. I understand that you will have received some account of this from General Eisenhower, Mr. McCloy and General McNarney who were present. I do not agree with the loose talk which has been going on on both sides of the Atlantic about the unduly heavy casualties which we shall sustain. In my view it is the Germans who will suffer very heavy casualties when our band of brothers gets among them ...
This source is a private, personal and secret telegram from Winston Churchill to President Roosevelt discussing the arrangements for D-Day.
Detailed final planning for D-Day was taking place, with both US and British staff. As ever, in this kind of multinational operation, there were tensions between individual leaders, as well as the need to coordinate all the different forces involved.
There were also concerns expressed in some newspapers and by some politicians that casualties would be very high. A seaborne landing on this scale had never been attempted before.
Remember, we’re hoping that this source can be useful to us in investigating why Winston Churchill was so worried about the Second Front. Sources usually help historians in two ways:
Which of the inferences below can be made from this source?
|On a scale of 1-5 how far do you agree that this source supports this inference?||Which extract(s) from the source support your argument?|
|Churchill is now fully committed to ‘Overlord’.|
|Churchill has no reservations whatsoever about the success of ‘Overlord’.|
|Everyone else expects the success of ‘Overlord’.|
|Churchill now only has a peripheral role in ‘Overlord’.|
|The US is the driving force behind ‘Overlord’.|
Explore the guide to interpreting telegrams