Arrival of a deportation train bringing Hungarian Jews to Auschwitz death camp in Poland in 1942. (Photo by Universal Images Group/Getty Images)
Most people are aware of the horrific fate suffered by around 6 million Jews and other persecuted groups in the Nazi genocide during the Second World War. Debate has swung back and forth about what the Allies knew about what was happening and also whether they could have taken more actions than they did.
Winston Churchill, the British leader in the Second World War, was an outspoken champion of the Jews. He had made his attitude clear prior to the Second World War through speeches, letters, and even legislation aimed at protecting Jewish immigration to Palestine, and raising an awareness of their potential plight in Germany and beyond.
However, some commentators have questioned how far this support translated into genuine action on the ground. The debate centres on two questions:
We have a box of sources from the Churchill Archive for you to investigate.